SEC. 11.19. OFF-STREET PARKING REQUIREMENTS.
Subd. 1. Purpose. The regulation of off-street parking spaces in these zoning regulations is to alleviate or prevent congestion of the public right-of-way and to promote the safety and general welfare of the public, by establishing minimum requirements for off-street parking of motor vehicles in accordance with the utilization of various parcels of land or structures.
Subd. 2. Application of Off-Street Parking Regulations. The regulations and requirements set forth herein shall apply to all off-street parking facilities in all of the zoning districts of the City.
Subd. 3. Site Plan Drawing Necessary. All applications for a building or an occupancy permit in all zoning districts shall be accompanied by a site plan drawn to scale and dimensioned indicating the location of off- street parking and loading spaces in compliance with the requirements set forth in this Section. All site plans for single family homes must provide for location of a two stall garage, whether or not construction is intended.
Subd. 4. General Provisions.
A. Floor Area. The term "floor area" for the purpose of calculating the number of off-street parking spaces required shall be determined on the basis of the exterior floor area dimensions of the buildings, structure or use times the number of floors, minus ten (10%) percent, except as may hereinafter be provided or modified.
B. Reduction of Existing Off-Street Parking Space or Lot Area. Off-street parking spaces and loading spaces or lot area existing upon the effective date of this Chapter shall not be reduced in number or size unless said number or size exceeds the requirements set forth herein for a similar new use.
C. Non-Conforming Structures. Should a non-conforming structure or use be damaged or destroyed by fire, it may be re-established if elsewhere permitted in these zoning regulations, except that in doing so, any off-street parking or loading space which existed before shall be retained.
D. Change of Use or Occupancy of Land. No change of use or occupancy of land already dedicated to a parking area, parking spaces, or loading spaces shall be made, nor shall any sale of land, division or subdivision of land be made which reduces area necessary for parking, parking stalls, or parking requirements below the minimum prescribed by these zoning regulations.
E. Change of Use or Occupancy of Buildings. Any change of use or occupancy of any building or buildings including additions thereto requiring more parking area shall not be permitted until there is furnished such additional parking spaces as required by these zoning regulations.
F. On and off-street parking facilities accessory to residential use shall be utilized solely for the parking of licensed and operable passenger automobiles; no more than one truck not to exceed gross capacity of 12,000 pounds; and recreational vehicles and equipment. Under no circumstances shall required parking facilities accessory to residential structures be used for the storage of commercial vehicles or equipment or for the parking of automobiles belonging to the employees, owners, tenants or customers of business or manufacturing establishments.
G. Calculating Space.
1. When determining the number of off-street parking spaces results in a fraction, each fraction of one-half (1/2) or more shall constitute another space.
2. In stadiums, sports arenas, churches and other places of public assembly in which patrons or spectators occupy benches, pews or other similar seating facilities, each twenty-two (22) inches of such seating facilities shall be counted as one seat for the purpose of determining requirements.
3. Except as provided for under joint parking and shopping centers, should a structure contain two or more types of use, each use shall be calculated separately for determining the total off-street parking spaces required.
H. Stall, Aisle and Driveway Design.
1. Parking Space Size. Except for handicapped parking spaces, each parking space shall be not less than eight and one-half (8-1/2) feet wide and twenty (20) feet in length exclusive of access aisles, and each space shall be served adequately by access aisles.
2. Within Structures. The off-street parking requirements may be furnished by providing a space so designed within the principal building or one structure attached thereto; however, unless provisions are made, no building permit shall be issued to convert said parking structure into a dwelling unit or living area or other activity until other adequate provisions are made to comply with the required off-street parking provisions of this Chapter.
3. Except in the case of single, two family, townhouse and quadraminium dwellings, parking areas shall be designed so that circulation between parking bays or aisles occurs within the designated parking lot and does not depend upon a public street or alley. Except in the case of single, two family, townhouse and quadraminium dwellings, parking area design which requires backing into the public street is prohibited.
4. The required parking spaces serving single family dwellings in the "R-2" District may be designed for parking not more than two vehicles in a tandem arrangement for each dwelling unit in order to comply with the requirements of this Chapter.
5. No curb cut access shall be located less than forty (40) feet from the intersection of two or more street rights-of-way. This distance shall be measured from the intersection of lot lines.
6. Except in the case of single family, two family, townhouse and quadraminium dwellings, parking areas and their aisles shall be developed in compliance with the standards on the Parking Lot Dimensions Table.
7. No curb cut access shall exceed twenty-four (24) feet in width unless approved by the City Engineer.
8. Except with special approval from the Zoning Administrator, curb cut openings shall be a minimum of five (5) feet from the side yard property line in all districts.
9. Driveway access curb openings on a public street except for single, two family, quadraminium and townhouse dwellings shall not be located less than forty (40) feet from one another.
10. The grade elevation of any parking area shall not exceed five (5%) percent.
11. Each property shall be allowed one curb cut access for each 125 feet of street frontage. All property shall be entitled to at least one curb cut. Single family uses shall be limited to one curb cut access per property unless a conditional use permit is reviewed by the Planning Commission and approved by the Council.
12. Surfacing. All areas intended to be utilized for parking space and driveways shall be surfaced with materials suitable to control dust and drainage. Except in the case of farm dwellings and operations, and single and two family dwellings, driveways and stalls shall be surfaced with asphalt or concrete. Plans for surfacing and drainage of driveways and stalls for five or more vehicles shall be submitted to the City Engineer for his review and the final drainage plan shall be subject to his written approval.
13. Striping. Except for single, two family, townhouse and quadraminiums, all parking stalls shall be marked with white or yellow painted lines not less than four (4) inches wide.
14. Lighting. Any lighting used to illuminate an off-street parking area shall be hooded and so arranged as to reflect the light away from adjoining property, abutting residential uses and public rights-of-way and be in compliance with Section 11.17, Subdivision 9 of this Chapter.
15. Curbing and Landscaping. Except for single, two family, townhouse and quadraminiums, all open, off-street parking shall have a perimeter curb barrier around the entire parking lot; said curb barrier shall not be closer than five (5) feet to any lot line. Grass, plantings or screening shall be provided in all areas bordering the parking area.
16. Required Screening. All open, non-residential, off-street parking areas of five or more spaces shall be screened and landscaped from abutting or surrounding residential districts in compliance with Section 11.17, Subdivisions 7 and 8 of this Chapter.
17. Adequate space for snow storage shall be provided on the site so as not to reduce the required minimum number of parking spaces.
Subd. 5. Maintenance. It shall be the joint and several responsibility of the lessee and owner of the principal use, uses or building to maintain in a neat and adequate manner, the parking space, accessways, striping, landscaping and required fences.
Subd. 6. Location. All accessory off-street parking facilities as required by this Chapter shall be located and restricted as follows:
A. Required accessory off-street parking shall be on the same lot under the same ownership as the principal use being served, except under the provisions of Subdivisions 9 and 10 of this Section.
B. Except for single, two family, townhouse and quadraminium dwellings, head-in parking, directly off of and adjacent to a public street, with each stall having its own direct access to the public street, shall be prohibited.
C. There shall be no off-street parking within fifteen (15) feet of any street surface.
D. The boulevard portion of the street right-of-way shall not be used for parking.
E. Setback Area. Required accessory off-street parking shall not be provided in required front yards or in required side yards in the case of a corner lot, in A-1, R-1, R-2, R-3 and R-4 Districts.
F. In the case of single family, two family, townhouse and quadraminium dwellings, parking shall be prohibited in any portion of the required front yard except designated driveways leading directly into a garage, or one open, surfaced space located on the side of a driveway, away from the principal use. Said extra space shall be surfaced with concrete or bituminous material.
Subd. 7. Use of Required Area. Required accessory off-street parking spaces in any district shall not be utilized for open storage, sale or rental of goods, storage of inoperable vehicles as regulated by Section 11.17, Subdivision 15 of this Chapter, and/or storage of snow.
Subd. 8. Handicapped Parking Spaces. Except for single family, two family, townhouse and quadraminium developments, at least one handicapped parking space shall be provided for each development. An additional space shall be provided for each increment of fifty spaces in excess of the initial fifty spaces. Handicapped spaces shall be at minimum twelve (12) feet by twenty (20) feet, shall be located so as to provide convenient, priority access to the principal use and shall conform to Minnesota Statutes, Section 168.021, as may be amended.
Subd. 9. Number of Spaces Required. The following minimum number of off-street parking spaces shall be provided and maintained by ownership, easement and/or lease for and during the life of the respective uses hereinafter set forth:
Source: Zoning Ordinance
Effective Date: 8-23-85
A. Single Family, Two Family, Townhouse and Quadraminium Units. Two spaces per unit, except that this requirement may be increased by the Council to an appropriate level in those instances where occupancy and resulting demand is expected to exceed the two space minimum.
Source: Ordinance No. 9, Second Series
Effective Date: 3-13-87
B. Boarding House. At minimum two spaces plus at least one parking space for each person for whom accommodations are provided for sleeping.
C. Multiple Family Dwellings. At least two rent free spaces per unit.
D. Motels, Motor Hotels, Hotels. One space per each rental unit plus one space for each ten units and one space for each employee on any shift.
E. School, Elementary and Junior High. At least one parking space for each classroom plus one additional space for each fifty student capacity.
F. School, High School Through College and Private and Day or Church Schools. At least one parking space for each seven students based on design capacity plus one for each three classrooms.
G. Church, Theatre, Auditorium. At least one parking space for each four seats based on the design capacity of the main assembly hall. Facilities as may be provided in conjunction with such buildings or uses shall be subject to additional requirements which are imposed by this Chapter.
H. Private Athletic Stadiums. At least one parking space for each eight seats of design capacity.
I. Community Centers, Health Studios, Libraries, Private Clubs, Lodges, Museums, Art Galleries. Ten spaces plus one for each 150 square feet in excess of 2,000 square feet of floor area in the principal structure.
J. Sanitariums, Convalescent Home, Rest Home, Nursing Home or Day Nurseries. Four spaces plus one for each three beds for which accommodations are offered.
K. Elderly (Senior Citizen) Housing. Reservation of area equal to one parking space per unit. Initial development is, however, required of only one-half space per unit and said number of spaces can continue until such time as the Council considers a need for additional parking spaces has been demonstrated.
L. Drive-In Establishment and Convenience Food. At least one parking space for each 35 square feet of gross floor area of service and dining area, but not less than fifteen spaces. Two additional parking spaces shall be added for drive through services facilities and one space for each 80 square feet of kitchen/storage area.
M. Office Buildings, Animal Hospitals, Professional Offices and Medical Clinics. Three spaces plus at least one space for each 200 square feet of floor area.
N. Bowling Alley. At least five parking spaces for each alley, plus additional spaces as may be required herein for related uses contained within the principal structure.
O. Motor Fuel Station. At least four off- street parking spaces plus two off-street parking spaces for each service stall. Those facilities designed for sale of other items than strictly automotive products, parts or service shall be required to provide additional parking in compliance with other applicable Sections of this Chapter.
P. Retail Store and Service Establishment. At least one off-street parking space for each 200 square feet of floor area.
Q. Retail Sales and Service Business With Fifty Percent or More of Gross Floor Area Devoted to Storage, Warehouses and/or Industry. At least eight spaces or one space for each 200 square feet devoted to public sales or service plus one space for each 500 square feet of storage area; or at least eight spaces or one space for each employee on the maximum shift, whichever is appropriate.
R. Restaurants, Cafes, Private Clubs Serving Food and/or Drinks, Bars, On-Sale Nightclubs. At least one space for each 40 square feet of gross floor area of dining and bar area and one space for each 80 square feet of kitchen area.
S. Undertaking Establishments. At least twenty parking spaces for each chapel or parlor, plus one parking space for each funeral vehicle maintained on the premises. Aisle space shall also be provided off the street for making up a funeral procession.
T. Auto Repair, Major Bus Terminal, Taxi Terminal, Boats and Marine Sales and Repair, Bottling Company, Shop for a Trade Employing Six or Less People, Garden Supply Store, Building Material Sales in Structure. Eight off-street parking spaces, plus one additional space for each 800 square feet of floor area over 1,000 square feet.
U. Private Skating Rink, Dance Hall or Public Auction House. Twenty off-street parking spaces, plus one additional off-street parking space for each 200 square feet of floor space over 2,000 square feet.
V. Golf Driving Range, Miniature Golf, Archery Range. Ten off-street parking spaces, plus one for each 100 square feet of floor space.
W. Manufacturing, Fabricating or Processing of a Product or Material. One space for each 350 square feet of floor area, plus one space for each company owned truck (if not stored inside principal building).
X. Warehousing, Storage or Handling of Bulk Goods. That space which is solely used as office shall comply with the office use requirements and one space per each 1,000 square feet of floor area, plus one space for each employee on maximum shift and one space for each company owned truck (if not stored inside principal building).
Y. Car Wash. (In addition to required magazining or stacking space).
1. Automatic Drive Through, Services. A minimum of ten spaces, or one space for each employee on the maximum shift, whichever is greater.
2. Self-Service. A minimum of two spaces.
3. Motor Fuel Station Car Wash. Zero in addition to that required for the station.
Z. Shopping Centers. Five and one-half spaces per each 1,000 square feet of gross leasable floor area (exclusive of common areas).
AA. Private Racketball, Handball and Tennis Courts. Not less than six spaces per each court.
Source: Zoning Ordinance
Effective Date: 8-23-85
AA.1 Nursery and Landscaping Operations With On-Site Growing Fields. One space for each two hundred (200) square feet of floor area and one space for each five hundred (500) square feet of indoor storage space and one space for each three thousand (3,000) square feet of outdoor sales/display area and one space for each fifteen thousand (15,000) square feet of growing field area.
Source: Ordinance No. 3, Series III
Effective Date: 8-5-88
BB. Other Uses. Other uses not specifically mentioned herein or unique cases shall be determined on an individual basis by the Council. Factors to be considered in such determination shall include (without limitation) size of building, type of use, number of employees, expected volume and turnover of customer traffic and expected frequency and number of delivery or service vehicles.
CC. Space Reductions. Subject to the review and processing of a conditional use permit as regulated by Section 11.07 of this Chapter, the City may reduce the number of required off-street parking spaces when the use can demonstrate in documented form a need which is less than required. In such situations, the City may require land to be reserved for parking development should use or needs change.
Source: Zoning Ordinance
Effective Date: 8-23-85
DD. Within the B-5 Zoning District, the City may approve development and uses which do not comply with the required number of parking spaces as a conditional use permit, provided that:
1. A Development Agreement running with the land is completed in which it is agreed that the property in question is financially responsible for its proportionate share of the City sponsored and provided parking space construction, maintenance, and parking site acquisition for on-street, lot and/or ramp parking at a maximum cost as determined from time to time by the City Engineer and/or City Planner, and for a maximum period of time as established from time to time, by the Council. Said responsibility shall be determined on the basis of the property's parking space shortage based upon City Code requirements, in relationship to the total parking space shortage, as defined by this Subdivision 9, for a defined service and benefit area. The "service and benefit area" shall include all properties which benefit from the available public parking serving a particular retail, office, institutional, public and semi-public, and commercial neighborhood or district. The Council may exempt a development from this requirement during the period of the Agreement, or may refund monies paid pursuant to said Agreement if other means of financing are available and utilized by the City, at its sole option and election, in providing the required parking.
2. The amount of parking to be provided by the Developer on the property in question is the maximum amount possible, taking into account the use and design objectives of the B-5 District as outlined by this Chapter and the Comprehensive Plan, as determined by the City Engineer.
3. The parking shortages created by the development are not premature or in excess of the supply which can be provided by the City through a public parking system on a short and/or long term basis.
4. The provisions of Section 11.07, Subd. 2, Subparagraph D, of this Chapter are considered and satisfactorily met.
Source: Ordinance No. 13, Second Series
Effective Date: 11-20-87
Subd. 10. Joint Facilities. The Council may, after receiving a report and recommendations from the Planning Commission, approve a conditional use permit for one or more businesses to provide the required off-street parking facilities by joint use of one or more sites where the total number of spaces provided are less than the sum of the total required for each business should they provide them separately. When considering a request for such a permit, the Planning Commission shall not recommend that such permit be granted nor the Council approve such a permit except when the following conditions are found to exist.
A. Up to fifty (50%) percent of the parking facilities required for a theatre, bowling alley, dance hall, bar or restaurant may be supplied by the off-street parking facilities provided by types of uses specified as primarily daytime uses in Item 4 below.
B. Up to fifty (50%) percent of the off-street parking facilities required for any use specified under Item 4 below as primarily daytime uses may be supplied by the parking facilities provided by the following night time or Sunday uses: auditoriums incidental to a public or parochial school, churches, bowling alleys, dance halls, theatres, bars, apartments or restaurants.
C. Up to eighty (80%) percent of the parking facilities required by this Section for a church or for an auditorium incidental to a public or parochial school may be supplied by the off-street parking facilities provided by uses specified in Item 4 below as primarily daytime uses.
D. For the purpose of this Section, the following uses are considered as primarily daytime uses: banks, business offices, retail stores, personal service shops, household equipment or furniture shops, clothing or shoe repair or service shops, manufacturing, wholesale and similar uses.
E. Conditions Required for Joint Use:
1. The building or use for which application is being made to utilize the off-street parking facilities provided by another building or use shall be located within 300 feet of such parking facilities.
2. The application shall show that there is no substantial conflict in the principal operating hours of the two buildings or uses (for which joint use of off-street parking facilities is proposed).
3. A properly drawn legal instrument, executed by the parties concerned for joint use of off-street parking facilities, duly approved as to form and manner of execution by the City Attorney, shall be filed with the City Clerk and recorded with the Wright County Recorder.
Subd. 11. Off-Site Parking.
A. Any off-site parking which is used to meet the requirements of this Chapter shall be a conditional use as regulated by Section 11.07 of this Chapter and shall be subject to the conditions listed below.
B. Off-site parking shall be developed and maintained in compliance with all requirements and standards of this Chapter.
C. Reasonable access from off-site parking facilities to the use being served shall be provided.
D. Except as provided below, the site used for meeting the off-site parking requirements of this Chapter shall be under the same ownership as the principal use being served or under public ownership.
E. Off-site parking for multiple family dwellings shall not be located more than 100 feet from any normally used entrance of the principal use served.
F. Except as provided below, off-site parking for non-residential uses shall not be located more than 500 feet from the main public entrance of the principal use being served.
G. Any use which depends upon off-site parking to meet the requirements of this Chapter shall maintain ownership and parking utilization of the off-site location until such time as on-site parking is provided or a site in closer proximity to the principal use is acquired and developed for parking.
H. Compliance with off-street parking requirements provided through leased off-street parking may be approved by the Council, subject to the following additional conditions:
1. The lease shall specify the total number and location of parking spaces under contract and this number, when added to any on-site parking required, must be equal to the total number of parking spaces required.
2. The lease instrument shall legally bind all parties to the lease and provide for amendment or cancellation only upon written approval from the City.
3. The lease agreement shall incorporate a release of liability and any other provisions, as recommended by the City Attorney that are deemed necessary to ensure compliance with the intent of this Chapter.